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The application of information technology to healthcare


These frequent mini-tests will accelerate the learning process and in a relatively short period of time, you will be able to quickly recall the meaning of all of the listed medical terms and definitions. This method of learning is superior to flash cards because of the frequent exposure and testing of your recall. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the tissues.

In liver disease, the liver fails to clear ammonia, resulting in the accumulation of unmetabolized ammonia, a condition called hepatic encephalopathy. Amblyopia starts in childhood, usually between ages 5 and 9 and it’s the most common cause of vision loss in kids. Refractive errors, strabismus, clouding of the lens, intraocular tumor, or corneal injury are some conditions that lead to amblyopia. A condition in which the eye and brain fail to work together, resulting in vision impairment in just one eye. Also called “lazy eye”, amblyopia can occur in both eyes, which is rare. The rectangular mass of lymphoid tissues behind the nasal cavity, above the roof of the mouth.

NEUROLYSIS – Removal of scar or reactive tissue from a nerve or nerve root. NEURALGIA – A paroxysmal pain extending along the course of one or more nerves. A non-invasive study is conducted in a magnetic resonance imager. The magnetic images are assembled by a computer to provide an image of the arteries in the head and neck.

MYELIN – The fat-like substance that surrounds the axon of nerve fibers and forms an insulating material. MENINGOENCEPHALITIS – An inflammation or infection of the brain and meninges. INFUNDIBULUM – A stalk extending from the base of the brain to the pituitary gland.

The development of large-scale data collection, for example, has also permitted the development of an ‘early warning system’ in relation to low-incidence medical complications. Despite concerns about security, many doctors think the benefits of having medical records in digital form outweigh the liabilities. Staying another night in the hospital was not medically necessary, so she was discharged.

DISC – The intervertebral disc – cartilaginous cushion found between the vertebrae of the spinal column. It may bulge beyond the vertebral body and compress the nearby nerve root, causing pain. The terms “slipped disc”, “ruptured disc” and “herniated disc” are often used interchangeably even though there are subtle differences. DIFFUSE BRAIN INJURY – Damage to the brain that can affect many parts of the brain, often in a subtle fashion; examples include diffuse axonal injury and inadequate blood flow. CEREBROSPINAL FLUID – Water-like fluid that circulates around and protects the brain and spinal cord.

Hostel – Establishment for people who cannot live independently but who do not need nursing care in a hospital or nursing home. Hostels provide board, lodging or accommodation and cater mostly to the aged, distressed or disabled. Residents are generally responsible for their own provisions but may be given domestic assistance such as help with meals, laundry, and personal care. Hodgkin’s disease (Hodgkin’s lymphoma) – Cancer marked by progressive painless enlargement of lymph nodes throughout the body. These drugs are funded by the Commonwealth separately from the PBS. Health Care – Services provided to individuals or communities to promote, maintain, monitor, or restore health.

Rasmussen University does not guarantee, approve, control, or specifically endorse the information or products available on websites linked to, and is not endorsed by website owners, authors, and/or organizations referenced. Rasmussen University is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission, an institutional accreditation agency recognized by the U.S. It’s helpful to know commonly used medical terms, so we’ve compiled a list of 25 that will surely get you through a live sports broadcast, and help you out next time you’re at the doctor’s office. Some medical root words are intuitive simply based on your experiences.

Information management – The process of defining, evaluating, protecting, and distributing data within an organization, and the technology used to send data to other organizations. Hospitalization – The term used to refer to the episode of care, which can be a total hospital stay, or a portion of a hospital stay beginning and ending in a change of type of care. Hepatitis C – Viral disease of the liver caused by the Hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis – Inflammation of the liver, which can be due to certain viral infections, alcohol excess or a range of other causes. Health informatics – The application of information technology to healthcare


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